Canker sores are a common problem in general dentistry. Most people will have canker sores at least once in their lifetime. They are often mistaken for cold sores or fever blisters. Whereas the latter is known to be associated with the herpes virus, canker sores are not contagious and usually occur inside the mouth near the lips, under the tongue or gums. Canker sores can be extremely painful.
The main types of canker sores and their symptoms
They are different types of canker sores and they all have different set of symptoms. Most people will experience minor canker sores. These canker sores are small, oval shaped with red edges and they will generally go away within one or two weeks with no need for treatment.
The other type is the major canker sores which are very painful and can last up to 6 weeks. The major sores are not only larger in size but also leave some significant scarring when they heal. They are round shaped with irregular edges.
The last group of canker sores are the herpetiform canker sores. These ones are usually common among older adults since they develop due to aging. This type of canker sores are not caused by the herpes virus. They usually occur in clusters of up to 100 sores which can merge and form one large ulcer. This type of sores have irregular edges and can heal within one or two weeks without causing any significant scarring.
Should you visit the dental office Richmond Hill if you have canker sores?
There are certain warning signs that the canker sores are serious and you need to see a dentist Richmond Hill
- Very large canker sores
- The sores recur and you experience frequent outbreaks
- The sores last for more than 2 weeks
- Sores extend into the lips and are very painful making it hard to consume food
- The sores are causing high fever
- Pain that you cannot control
Possible causes of canker sores
Canker sores can occur due to various triggers. A few common ones include:
- Injury to your mouth after having dental work done, participating in contact sports or an accident.
- Tooth pastes and mouth washes that are made using sodium lauryl sulfate
- Sensitivity to certain foods like acidic, spicy foods
- Diet issues like lacking adequate vitamin B12 and folic acid
- Allergies: Some individuals experience allergic reactions that form bacteria in the mouth that cause canker sores to develop.
- Hormonal shifts: There are hormonal imbalances that result in canker sores especially during menstruation.
- Stress and anxiety can also contribute to development of canker sores
- Conditions and diseases: Individuals who are suffering from conditions such as celiac disease, inflammatory bowel diseases and HIV/AIDS can also have canker sores. Diseases that suppress the immune system can result in canker sores.
Canker sores have been thoroughly covered in family dentistry so your local dentist will have the best treatment option for it. If you are having serious pain or discomfort as a result of canker sores, it is important to see a specialist immediately. Various forms of treatment are administered for this condition including mouth rinses that help to fight bacteria that causes the sores to develop.
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